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To see all events in all categories, click the "Entire Timeline" link at the top of the page. You can use the form to the left to search for sets of events by entering specific terms or to zoom in on a particular time period. View historical, literary, or commemorative events in New England's past by using the links in the legend below.
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1524
Verrazano explores NE coast

    

1603
Martin Pring explores NE coast

   
    
   

1607
Popham Colony planted in Maine

    

1608
Separatists go to Holland

   
    
   

1614
John Smith maps New England

1614
Dutch explore the Connecticut River

   
    
   

1615
seasonal fishing settlements in NH and Maine

    

1616
An epidemic of uncertain cause devastates southern New England.

   
    
   

1620
English Separatists found Plymouth

    

1621
English and Wampanoag join in a harvest festival.

   
    
   

1623
Permanent English settlements in New Hampshire

    

1624
Pemaquid (Maine) established

   
    
   

1628
Maypole at Mount Wollaston (Mass)

    

1629
Plymouth colonists estabish a trading post at Cushnoc on the Kennebec River in Maine.

   
    
   

1630
Massachusetts Bay Colony

    

1633
Small pox epidemic further decimates coastal Indian groups.

   
    
   

1634
Massachusetts immigrants settle Wethersfield and Windsor, Connecticut

1634
John Endecott defaces King's colors

   
    
   

1635
Roger Williams founds Providence, RI

    

1636
Harvard College founded

   
   

1636
Thomas Hooker leads settlement at Hartford.

    

1637
Anne Hutchinson banished, settles Portsmouth, RI

   
   

1637
Pequot War

    

1638
New Haven founded

   
    
   

1642
English Civil War begins

    

1646
Massachusetts begins to establish "praying towns"

   
    
   

1647
Alice Young hung in Hartford

    

1648
Massachusetts executes Margaret Jones

   
    
   

1649
Charles I executed

    

1654
Harvard establishes Indian College

   
    
   

1656
Ann Hibbens executed.

1656
First Quaker missionaries arrive in New England

   
    
   

1657
Lawrance and Cassandra Southwick imprisoned for entertaining Quakers

    

1659
Massachusetts executes Quakers

   
    
   

1660
Charles II restored to throne

1660
Mary Dyer executed.

   
   

1660
Mashpee established as a Christian Indian town

1660 - 1725
A succession of conflicts transforms indigenous/ colonial relations.

   
    
   

1661
English Quaker William Leddra hanged in Boston.

    

1662
Connecticut receives royal charter

   
   

1662
Beginning of Hartford witch outbreak.

1662
Deborah Wilson ran naked through the streets of Salem.

   
   

1662
The Wampanoag sachem Wamsutta dies mysteriously.

    

1671
Elizabeth Knapp "possessed of the Devil"

   
   

1671
Katherine Naylor, the wife of a Boston merchant, sues for divorce.

    

1675
King Philip's War

   
    
   

1677
Surviving Indians confined to Praying Towns

    

1685
Simon Popmonit becomes minister at Mashpee

   
    
   

1686
Dominion of New England established

    

1687
Governor Andros challenges Connecticut charter

   
    
   

1689
King William's War begins

1689
Abenaki kill Richard Waldron in Dover, NH

   
    
   

1692
Salem Witch Trials

    

1697
Samuel Sewall repents of role in Salem trials

   
    
   

1701
Yale College founded

    

1702
Queen Anne's War begins

   
    
   

1704
Deerfield Massacre

    

1706
Benjamin Franklin born in Boston

   
    
   

1711
Massachusetts begins compensating victims of Salem witch trials.

    

1725
Lovewell's Defeat at Pigwacket

   
    
   

1739
King George's War begins

1739
George Whitfield's first tour

   
    
   

1745
Pigwackets in exile in Massachusetts

    

1755
Braddock's Defeat

   
   

1755
British deport French settlers of Acadia

    

1760
Reuben Cognehew carries Mashpee petition to London

   
    
   

1763
Treaty of Paris ends 7 Year's War

    

1765
Stamp Act Riots

   
    
   

1766
Hundreds, including slaves and free blacks, begin holding religious meetings in Sarah Osborne's home in Newport, Rhode Island.

    

1767
Townshend Acts

   
    
   

1768
spinning meetings begin

1768
Non-importation agreements begin

   
   

1768
British troops arrive in Boston

    

1769
Non-consumption agreements begin to appear

   
    
   

1770
Townshend Acts Repealed

1770
11yr old Christopher Seider killed

   
   

1770
Copley paints Paul Revere

   

1770
Boston Massacre

   
    
   

1772
Committees of Correspondence formed

    

1773
Boston "Tea Party"

   
   

1773
Massachusetts slaves begin petitioning for freedom

    

1774
First Continental Congress

   
   

1774
John Malcolm tarred and feathered

1774
Intolerable Acts

   
   

1774
In December, Paul Revere rides to Portsmouth, New Hampshire

    

1775
Battles at Lexington and Concord

   
   

1775
George Washington takes command

1775
In April, Paul Revere attempts to carry news to Concord

   
   

1775
Battle of Bunker Hill

    

1776
Declaration of Independence

   
   

1776
British evacuate Boston

1776
Abigail Adams urges John to "Remember the Ladies

   
    
   

1777
Burgoyne Surrenders at Saratoga

1777
Congress defines American flag

   
   

1777
Battle of Saratoga

1777
Battle of Bennington

   
    
   

1780
Benedict Arnold turns traitor

    

1781
Battle of Yorktown

   
   

1781
Articles of Confederation ratified

1781
British attack Fort Griswold and burn New London, Connecticut

   
    
   

1782
Peace negotiations begin

    

1783
Congress ratifies Articles of Peace

   
   

1783
Loyalists evacuate New York

    

1786
Shay's Rebellion

   
    
   

1787
Constitutional Convention

1787
Northwest Ordinance

   
    
   

1788
Constitution ratified

    

1789
French revolution begins

   
    
   

1790
New England has a million people

    

1791
Vermont joins the union as the 14th state

   
    
   

1800
With 1,400,000 people N.E. contains 28 percent of the U.S. population

1800
Population in Connecticut stagnates while Maine explodes

   
    
   

1803
Louisiana Purchase

    

1804
Lewis and Clark Expedition begins

   
    
   

1805
Rock outcropping in Franconia Notch first noticed by road workers.

    

1806
Black Baptists build a meeting house on Beacon Hill in Boston

   
    
   

1810
Congress commissions a census on manufactures

    

1812
War with England

   
   

1812
U.S.S. Constitution ("Old Ironsides") fights British.

    

1813
Agricultural fairs called "Cattle Shows" begin displaying household manufactures

   
   

1813
William Nell ships out of Charleston, S.C. as a steward

    

1814
Hartford Convention considers secession

   
    
   

1818
Congress establishes pensions for indigent veterans.

    

1820
Missouri Compromise guarantees statehood for Maine

   
    
   

1825
Erie Canal completed

    

1826
Lowell, Massachusetts incorporated

   
    
   

1828
Female textile workers strike at Dover, N.H.

1828
Andrew Jackson elected president

   
    
   

1830
New Hampshire legislature encourages sericulture

1830
Indian Removal Act

   
   

1830
Oliver Wendell Holmes' poem raises outcry over supposed abandonment of "Old Ironsides."

1830
Theodore Dwight, The Northern Traveller (guidbook) mentions "Old Man of the Mountains."

   
    
   

1831
Maria Stewart begins public speeches condemning slavery.

1831
Mohegan Church built

   
    
   

1832
Garrison begins "The Liberator"

1832
Seth Luther, "An Address to the Working-Men of New England"

   
    
   

1833
Indian Declaration of Independence

1833
John Greenleaf Whittier joins the abolitionist cause.

   
    
   

1834
Textile strikes at Lowell, Massachusetts and Dover, N.H.

1834
Shoebinders of Lynn, Massachusetts form a society "for the protection and promotion of Female Industry"

   
   

1834
Burning of Ursuline convent in Charlestown

    

1835
Seaman's Aid Society establishes a "Mariner's Home" in Boston

   
    
   

1836
Providence ships lists show 30% African American seamen.

1836
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow begins teaching modern languages at Harvard.

   
    
   

1837
Vermont abolitionists begin sheltering escaped slaves

1837
For women, rural outwork is the dominant form of wage labor.

   
   

1837
Angeline and Sarah Grimke tour New England

    

1839
Amistad trial in New Haven

   
    
   

1840
Agitation for Ten-hour Day

    

1841
Amistad case argued before the Supreme Court

   
    
   

1842
Dorr Rebellion in Rhode Island

    

1845
Beginning of Irish famine

   
    
   

1846
Mexican War begins

    

1847
First edition of Frederick Douglass's North Star

   
    
   

1848
Seneca Falls Women's Rights Convention

    

1849
California Gold Rush

   
    
   

1850
At 2,729,000, N.E. composes less than 12 percent of the U.S. population

1850
Fugitive Slave Act

   
   

1850
45 out of 100 New Englanders live in Maine, NH, or Vermont

1850
10,000 men employed in whaling on shore or at sea

   
    
   

1853
Nathaniel Hawthorne publishes a campaign biography for his former Bowdoin classmate Franklin Pierce and is rewarded with a consulship in England.

    

1854
Anthony Burns arrested under the Fugitive Slave Act

   
    
   

1856
Senator Charles Sumner caned after delivering his speech "Crime Against Kansas

    

1857
Dred Scott Decision

   
    
   

1858
Black seamen parade in Boston and Providence to celebrate West Indian independence.

    

1859
Gloucester fleets net almost 30 million pounds of fish.

   
   

1859
Rockport women attack rumsellers.

    

1860
Shoe workers strike in Lynn, Massachusetts and neighboring towns.

   
    
   

1861
William Cooper Nell becomes clerk in U.S. Postal Service

1861
Civil War economy boosts Massachusetts manufacturing

   
   

1861
Civil War begins

    

1863
Lincoln declares Thanksgiving a national holiday

   
   

1863
Lincoln delivers Gettysburg Address

   

1863
Emancipation Proclamation frees slaves in rebellious states

   
    
   

1865
Robert E. Lee surrenders

1865
13th Amendment outlaws slavery

   
   

1865
Klu Klux Klan founded

1865
Abraham Lincoln assassinated

   
    
   

1867
Edmonia Lewis sells busts of Colonel Robert Gould Shaw

    

1869
Massachusetts enfranchises Indians

   
    
   

1870
First transcontinental train leaves Boston on a 39-day journey across the United States

1870
French-Canadian workers fill Northern N.E. mill towns

   
   

1870
Most female wage workers are employed in factories or as household servants.

1870
The whaling industry attracts thousands of immigrants from the Azores

   
    
   

1871
P.T. Barnum founds "The Greatest Show on Earth"

1871
New England whaling ships crushed in ice of coast of Alaska

   
    
   

1875
Custer defeated at the Battle of Little Bighorn

    

1877
Hayes-Tilden Election resolved

   
    
   

1878
Old Ironsides takes last Atlantic voyage.

    

1880
New England fisheries decline

   
   

1880
John Greenleaf Whittier writes poems about Quaker persecution.

    

1885
After moving to Prout's Neck, Maine, Winslow Homer turned to the drama of seafaring.

   
    
   

1886
Police kill strikers at Haymarket in Chicago

    

1888
Whittier supports women's suffrage.

   
    
   

1890
Fall River surpasses Lowell as largest producer of printed textiles

    

1894
Immigration Restriction League Founded at Harvard

   
    
   

1896
Supreme Court accepts doctrine of "separate but equal" in Plessy v. Ferguson

    

1898
Emily Tyson begins refurbishing Hamilton House in Maine

   
    
   

1900
New England's 5.5 million people make up 7 percent of the U.S. population

1900
75 of 100 New Englanders live in Mass, Conn, or RI

   
    
   

1901
President William McKinley assassinated

    

1903
New Bedford Whaling Museum founded

   
    
   

1909
NAACP formed

    

1910
John F. Fitzgerald mayor of Boston

   
    
   

1912
Strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts

1912
Workers at Lowell live in ethnic communities

   
    
   

1920
19th Amendment gives women the vote

    

1924
American Indians granted citizenship and the right to vote

   
   

1924
Ku Klux Klan has 50,000 members in Maine

1924
Congress passes restrictive immigration laws

   
   

1924
First of New England textile mills moves south

    

1925
Vermont launches a Eugenics Survey

   
    
   

1927
Nicola Sacco and Bartholomeo Vanzetti executed

    

1930
Nantucket Whaling Museum opened

   
   

1930
Old Man of the Mountain promoted as a tourist attraction.

    

1940
Civil leaders of Portuguese descent gather before a mural of the Pilgrim fathers.

   
   

1940
World war II fuels new industries in New England

    

1950
New England has over 9 million people, 6 percent of the nation's population

   
    
   

1954
Brown v. Board of Education overturns "separate but equal"

    

1955
Montgomery Alabama Bus Boycott

   
    
   

1960
Student sit-ins in the south

    

1963
John F. Kennedy assassinated

   
    
   

1964
Civil Rights Act targets race and sex

    

1968
Martin Luther King, Jr. assassinated

   
    
   

1974
Judge Garrity orders school busing in Boston

    

2000
N. E.'s 12 million people compose less than 5 percent of the U.S. population

   
    
   

2003
Old Man of the Mountains collapses

    

2006
Wampanoags receive preliminary recognition by Federal Government.

   

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