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Legend: Historical Literary Commemorative

Years Image Event Description Keywords
1622   Mourt's Relation published in London   pilgrims, Bradford, Plymouth
1637   Thomas Morton, "New English Canaan"   maypole, pilgrims, Endicott, Hawthorne"
1650   Anne Bradstreet, "The Tenth Muse"    
1661   George Bishop, "New England Judged" This was a Quaker response to John Norton's "New England Rent," an apology for anti-Quaker laws. Quaker
1667   George Bishop, "New England Judged, II"   Quaker
1683   Mary Rowlandson's narrative The birth of the "captivity narrative" as a American genre Philip, women
1692   Cotton Mather, "Wonders of the Invisible World"   witch
1695   Thomas Maule denounces Puritan leaders   Quakers
1700   Robert Calef, "More Wonders of the Invisible World" Calef's critique of the trials focused on the credulity and worldly ambition of Cotton Mather. witch
1702   Cotton Mather publishes "Magnalia Christi Americana" This immense history of New England includes biographical vignettes of early ministers and governors, but also stories of captivites and accounts of diabolical possession. history, Puritans
1702   John Hale publishes "A Modest Inquiry"   witch
1764   Thomas Hutchinson, "History of the Colony and Province of Massachusetts Bay" An important early history by the later Loyalist governor. Dealt with witchhunting and with the banishment of his ancestor, Anne Hutchinson. witch, antinomianism, loyalist
1770   Phillis Wheatley, "Elegy for George Whitefield" The British evangelist died at Newburyport, Mass. on September 30, 1770. slavery, religion
1773   Mary Rowlandson's narrative reprinted   women, Philip" Philip
1773   Phillis Wheatley, "Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral"  
Additional Information
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1776   Samuel Hopkins, A Dialogue Concerning the Slavery of the Africans An abolitionist argument ddressed to the continental congress. abolition, Stowe
1801   Reprint of French edition of Phillis Wheatley's poems Wheatley's "Poems on Various Subjects" was included in Joseph Lavalee's "The Negro Equalled by Few Europeans," published in translation in Philadelphia  
1802   Reprint of Phillis Wheatley's poems published in NH    
1814   Washington Irving, "Philip of Pokanoket" An early, sympthetic account of King Philip Indian, Philip
1815   The Affecting Narrative of Louisa Baker This was the first in a series of stories eventually gathered as "The Female Marine." maritime
1820   Cotton Mather's "Magnalia Christi Americana" reprinted   witch, Puritanism
1820   Witch of New England published This anonymous work was only the first of several literary treatments of the seventeenth-century witch hunts. Like others, it emphasized the dangers of delusion.  
1822   Timothy Dwight, "Travels in New England and New York"    
1823   Calef's "More Wonders of the Invisible World" reprinted   witch
1824   Lydia Sigourney, "Sketches of Connecticut Forty Years Since"    
1824   A Narrative of the Life of Mrs. Mary Jemison published   Indian
1824   Lydia Maria Child, "Hobomok: A Tale of Early Times" A distraught Puritan woman marries an Indian. Indians
1825   John Winthrop's "History of New England" reprinted   Antinomianism, Puritanism, Hutchinson, Dyer
1826   James Fenimore Cooper, "The Last of the Mohicans" The trope of the disappearing Indian was already well-established by the time Cooper wrote. Indian
1827   James Fenimore Cooper, "The Wept of Wish-ton-Wish" A little-known novel about King Philip's War Indian, Philip
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1827   Catharine Sedgwick, "Hope Leslie, or Early Times in Massachusetts" Features a friendship between a Puritan woman and a Pequot woman. Indian
1827   Sarah Josepha Hale, "Northwood"   Thanksgiving
1829   William Apes publishes "A Son of the Forest"   Indians, Mashpee
1829   Charles Goodrich, "A History of the United States of America" Like other writers of the early republic, Goodrich saw the Salem witch trials as a consequence of fanaticism and delusion.  
1829   David Walker, An Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World Published in Boston by a southern black, Walker's "Appeal" helped to spark the abolitionist movement. abolition, slavery
1830 - 1870   Domestic fiction dominates literary market Hawthorne both admired and denigrated these writers, referring to them "as damned, scribbling females.  
1831   Charles W. Upham, "Lectures on Witchcraft" An account by a Unitarian minister who used the Salem story to warn against the dangers of religious and political zeal. witch
1831   John Greenleaf Whitter, "Legends of New England" Based on earlier stories written for newspapers, Whittier dealt with witch beliefs as a form of folklore.  
1831   Nathaniel Hawthorne, "My Kinsman, Major Molineux" This early story was re-published in 1852 revolution
1833   Lydia Maria Child, "An Appeal for that Class of Americans Called Africans" Child, who had previously published fiction and a cookbook, The American Frugal housewife, became a prominent antislavery writer and activist. antislavery, abolition
1833   Oliver Wendell Holmes, "The Last Leaf" Describes antiquated survivor of revolution. revolution
1834   Whittier publishes "The Slave Ship"   slavery, abolition, maritime
1834   James Hawkes, A Retrospect of the Boston Tea-Party, with a Memoir of George R.T. hewes"   revolution
1835   Benjamin Bussey Thatcher, "Traits of the Tea Party; Being a Memoir of George R.T. Hewes"   revolution
1836   Nathaniel Hawthorne, "The Maypole at Merrymount"   maypole, Hawthorne
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1837   Nathaniel Hawthorne, "Twice-Told Tales"    
1837   Sarah Grimke, "Letters on the Equality of the Sexes" With her sister, Angelina, Grimke traveled throughout New England, meeting with female wage workers as well as abolitionists. women's work
1837   Nathaniel Hawthorne, "Endicott and the Red Cross"   flag, cross, Endicott
1837   Ralph Waldo Emerson, "The American Scholar" "Our day of dependence, our long apprenticeship to the learning of other lands, draws to a close."  
1839   Henry Rowe Schoolcraft, Algic Researches One of many ethnographic works published by the Indian agent and self-taught scientist, it contained a version of the myth of Hiawatha. Indians
1841   Catharine Williams, "The Neutral French, or the Exiles of Nova Scotia"    
1841   Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, "The Skeleton in Armor"   bones, Indians
1841   Catharine Beecher, "A Treatise on Domestic Economy"   women's work
1841   Longfellow, "The Wreck of the Hesperus," in Ballads and Other Poems   maritime
1842   Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Poems on Slavery   slavery, abolition
1842   With the encouragement of his friend Charles Sumner, Longfellow publishes "Poems on Slavery    
1845   Frederick Douglas publishes his narrative. He became a powerful voice in both the anti-slavery and women's rights movements. slavery, abolition
1846   Hawthorne, "Roger Malvyn's Burial" in Mosses From An Old Manse Hawthorne's story built on an already existing romance about Lovewell's Defeat at Pigwacket in 1725. Lovewell, Maine, bones
1847   John Greenleaf Whittier, "Supernaturalism of New England"   witch, folklore
1847   Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, "Evangeline"    
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1848   William Oakes, Scenery of the White Mountains Oakes said that from one angle the profile resembled a "toothless old woman in a mob cap." From the best angle, however, it showed a man with character "fixed and firm." old man, profile
1848   Elizabeth Ellet. Women of the American Revolution    
1848   James Russell Lowell, "The Courtin'"    
1850   Nathaniel Hawthorne, "The Scarlet Letter"    
1850   Nathaniel Hawthorne, "The Great Stone Face"   old man, profile" mountain
1851   Herman Melville, "Moby Dick"   maritime
1851   Harriet Beecher Stowe, "Uncle Tom's Cabin"   slavery, abolition
1851   J.W. DeForest, "History of the Indians of Connecticut"    
1851   Nathaniel Hawthorne, "The House of the Seven Gables"   witch Salem
1853   Samuel Drake's edition of "Magnalia Christi Americana"    
1854   Lucy Larcom, "Hannah Binding Shoes"   women's work, maritime
1855   Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, "The Song of Hiawatha"    
1855   Herman Melville, "Tartarus of Maids" In the 1850s, Melville published many short stories and sketches in Harper's and Putnam's magazines. women's work
1855   William C. Nell, "Colored Patriots of the American Revolution" Among other stories, Nell featured the role of Crispus Attucks in the "Boston Massacre. Attucks, Boston Massacre
1856   Benjamin Willey, Incidents in White Mountain History Earliest published version of a comment later attributed to Daniel Webster. ""Men put out signs representing their different trades; jewellers hang out a monster watch; shoemakers, a huge boot; and, up in Franconia, God Almighty has hung out a sign that in New England he makes men." profile, old man
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1857   John Greenleaf Whittier, "Skipper Ireson's Ride,"   maritime
1858   Longfellow, "The Courtship of Miles Standish" Longfellow's poem rivaled Thanksgiving in American memory and helped perpetuate the mystique of the spinning wheel. See The Age of Homespun, page 27. poetry, pilgrims" plymouth
1859   Harriet Wilson, "Our Nig, or Sketches from the LIfe of a Free Black"    
1859   Harriet Beecher Stowe, The Minister's Wooing Stowe's hero was a Newport, Rhode Island minister named Samuel Hopkins. Stowe, abolition, slavery
1861   Longfellow publishes "Paul Revere's Ride" in Atlantic Monthly   revolution
1861   Oliver Wendell Holmes, "Under the Washington Elm"   revolution
1862   Hawthorne published "Chiefly About War Matters" in The Atlantic Monthly The Liberator denounces the essay, noting that the anonymous author was reported to be Nathaniel Hawthorne. Civil War
1863   Longfellow , "Tales of a Wayside Inn"    
1864   Massachusetts Historical Society published Phillis Wheatley letters    
1866   John Greenleaf Whittier, "Snowbound"   poetry
1869   Harriet Beecher Stowe, "Old-Town Folks"    
1881   Controversy over John G. Whittier's "The King's Missive" In letters to the Boston Daily Advertiser, Whittier and historian George Ellis argued over the imprisonment of Quakers in 17th century Boston. Quaker, Whittier, poetry
1887   Edward Bellamy, "Looking Backward"    
1893   Alice Morse Earle, "Customs and Fashions of Old New England"    
1902   Edith Wharton designs "The Mount" in Lenox, Massachusetts   summer
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1902   William Dean Howells purchases a summer home on Kittery Point, Maine   summer
1912   Robert Frost, "North of Boston"    
1915   Frank G. Speck, "Decorative Art of the Indian Tribes of Connecticut"    
1953   Arthur Miller, "The Crucible" See Web links for Arthur Miller, "Why I wrote 'The Crucible': An artist's answer to politics." and for a Massachusetts curriculum project that connects Miller's play to Salem.
Additional Information
witch, Salem
1992   The Last of the Mohicans filmed   Indian
1996   The Crucible filmed   witch, Salem

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