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Year End Year Event Theme Link Image Comment Keyword
1524   Verrazano explores NE coast Historical       "exploration, settlement, Indians"
1603   Martin Pring explores NE coast Historical       "exploration, settlement, Indians"
1607   Popham Colony planted in Maine Historical     "settlement, Maine, archaeology"
1608   Separatists go to Holland Historical     "pilgrims, Plymouth, settlement"
1614   John Smith maps New England Historical     "exploration, map, Indians"
1614   Dutch explore the Connecticut River Historical       exploration, settlement, Connecticut
1615   seasonal fishing settlements in NH and Maine Historical     exact date not known "fish, New Hampshire, Maine, settlement"
1616   An epidemic of uncertain cause devastates southern New England. Historical       "Indians, epidemic"
1620   English Separatists found Plymouth Historical     Plymouth
1621   English and Wampanoag join in a harvest festival. Historical      
1622   Mourt's Relation published in London Literary     "pilgrims, Bradford, Plymouth"
1623   Permanent English settlements in New Hampshire Historical       "settlement, colony"
1624   Pemaquid (Maine) established Historical   This is a conjectural date since the exact time is unknown. This was one of several fishing or fur-trading operations established in the 1620s in northern new England. "settlement, colony, Maine"
1628   Maypole at Mount Wollaston (Mass) Historical   Miles Standish commanded an expedition against Thomas Morton's fur-trading post. Plymouth officials feared Morton's men were trading guns with Indians. "Pilgrims, Hawthorne, Standish, maypole, Indian"
1629   Plymouth colonists estabish a trading post at Cushnoc on the Kennebec River in Maine. Historical     Other traders were active nearer the coast. "Plymouth, Indians, settlement"
1630   Massachusetts Bay Colony Historical     "Although other colonies preceded it, the Bay Colony soon dominated the region because of effective organization and massive migration." "colony, settlement, Puritans"
1633   Small pox epidemic further decimates coastal Indian groups. Historical     "A succession of epidemics reduced the Massachusetts by as much as 90%. Other groups were totally wiped out. In contrast, the Narragansetts of Rhode Island were lightly affected." "Indians, epidemic, Rhode Island"
1634   "Massachusetts immigrants settle Wethersfield and Windsor, Connecticut" Historical       "Connecticut, colony, settlement"
1634   John Endecott defaces King's colors Historical   Radical Puritan John Endecott of Salem believed that the image of the cross was idolatrous. A website for the Popham Colony has a representation of such a flag. "Endicott, Endecott, flag, Hawthorne, Puritans"
1635   "Roger Williams founds Providence, RI" Historical     "Banished from the Bay Colony for his religious beliefs, Williams and his followers found refuge among the Narragansetts." " colony, settlement, Indians, Rhode Island"
1636   Harvard College founded Historical        
1636   Thomas Hooker leads settlement at Hartford. Historical     "colony, settlement, Puritans"
1637   "Anne Hutchinson banished, settles Portsmouth, RI" Historical     "Among her supporters was Mary Dyer, a future religious martyr. " "Rhode Island, Puritans, Hutchinson, Antinomian"
1637   Pequot War Historical       Indians
1637   "Thomas Morton, ""New English Canaan""" Literary     "maypole, pilgrims, Endicott, Hawthorne"
1638   New Haven founded Historical     "colony, settlement, Connecticut, Puritan"
1642   English Civil War begins Historical        
1646   "Massachusetts begins to establish ""praying towns""" Historical       Indian
1647   Alice Young hung in Hartford Historical     May be the first NE execution for witchchraft "witch, Hartford"
1648   Massachusetts executes Margaret Jones Historical     "This is the first known Massachusetts execution for witchcraft. John Winthrop described her ""malignant touch.""" witch
1649   Charles I executed Historical        
1650   "Anne Bradstreet, ""The Tenth Muse""" Literary      
1654   Harvard establishes Indian College Historical       "Indian, Harvard"
1656   Ann Hibbens executed. Historical     Hibbens was of somewhat higher status than witches executed earlier. There appears to have been a hiatus in executions for a few years after her death.  
1656   First Quaker missionaries arrive in New England Historical     "Between 1656-1661, at least 40 Quakers preached in Massachusetts. Some came from England, others from Barbados or Rhode Island" "Quaker, Whittier"
1657   Lawrance and Cassandra Southwick imprisoned for entertaining Quakers Historical     "They were eventually released, then imprisoned again the next year, and finally banished in 1659 on pain of death. The court threatened to sell their children to Barbados. " "Quaker, Whittier"
1659   Massachusetts executes Quakers Historical       execution
1660   Charles II restored to throne Historical        
1660   Mary Dyer executed. Historical     Dyer had been sentenced to death three years earlier but was reprieved on the condition she not return. Quaker
1660   Mashpee established as a Christian Indian town Historical     Richard Bourne was the first missionary and pastor. "Indian, Mashpee"
1660 1725 A succession of conflicts transforms indigenous/ colonial relations. Historical   A map from the 1704 Deerfield website shows the colonial Northeast, c, 1660-1725. Indian war
1661   "George Bishop, ""New England Judged""" Literary     "This was a Quaker response to John Norton's ""New England Rent,"" an apology for anti-Quaker laws." Quaker
1661   English Quaker William Leddra hanged in Boston. Historical     "In response English Quakers sought a mandamus from King Charles II. A Salem Quaker, Samuel Shattock, who was then in England, delivered it to Governor Endecott." "Quaker, Whittier"
1662   Connecticut receives royal charter Historical       "charter, Connecticut"
1662   Beginning of Hartford witch outbreak. Historical     "During 1662-63, accusations against 13 persons resulted in 4 executions." "witch, Hartford"
1662   Deborah Wilson ran naked through the streets of Salem. Historical     "This was one of several attempts at civil disobedience by Quakers who chose flamboyant efforts to witness against persecution. Like the others, Wilson as whipped at the cart tail. " Quakers
1662   The Wampanoag sachem Wamsutta dies mysteriously. Historical   "Wamsutta, also known as Alexander, was Massasoit's oldest son and Metacom (or Philip's) brother. " "Indian, Philip"
1667   "George Bishop, ""New England Judged, II""" Literary       Quaker
1671   "Elizabeth Knapp ""possessed of the Devil""" Historical     "Samuel Willard, a minister at Groton, Massachusetts, wrote about Knapp's exorcism." witch
1671   Katherine Naylor, the wife of a Boston merchant, sues for divorce. Historical   Her story came to light in the early 1990s as a consequence of excavations associated with Boston's Big Dig.  
1675   King Philip's War Historical   "Read a modernized version of Philip's account of Indian grievances originally contained in a narrative by the Rhode Island Quaker, John Easton" "Indians, Philip"
1677   Surviving Indians confined to Praying Towns Historical       "Indian, Philip"
1683   Mary Rowlandson's narrative Literary   "The birth of the ""captivity narrative"" as a American genre" "Philip, women"
1685   Simon Popmonit becomes minister at Mashpee Historical     The first native-born pastor died in 1720. The Mashpee congregation refused to accept Joseph Bourne until he learned to preach in Wampanoag. "Mashpee, Indian"
1686   Dominion of New England established Historical       "Charter Oak, Andros"
1687   Governor Andros challenges Connecticut charter Historical       "charter oak, Connecticut, Dominion"
1689   King William's War begins Historical     This colonial version of a European war pitted French and Abenaki forces against English settlers and their Indian allies. Indians
1689   "Abenaki kill Richard Waldron in Dover, NH" Historical     The attack on Waldon's garrison was in part retaliation for a double cross at the end of King Philip's War. "Indian, Philip, NH"
1692   "Cotton Mather, ""Wonders of the Invisible World""" Literary       witch
1692   Salem Witch Trials Historical     "Salem, witch"
1695   Thomas Maule denounces Puritan leaders Literary       Quakers
1697   Samuel Sewall repents of role in Salem trials Historical       witch
1700   "Robert Calef, ""More Wonders of the Invisible World""" Literary     Calef's critique of the trials focused on the credulity and worldly ambition of Cotton Mather. witch
1701   Yale College founded Historical       Connecticut
1702   "Cotton Mather publishes ""Magnalia Christi Americana""" Literary     "This immense history of New England includes biographical vignettes of early ministers and governors, but also stories of captivites and accounts of diabolical possession." "history, Puritans"
1702   "John Hale publishes ""A Modest Inquiry""" Literary       witch
1702   Queen Anne's War begins Historical     A second round in an ongoing conflict between New France and New England. Indians
1704   Deerfield Massacre Historical   A winter raid resulted in the deaths or captivities of three-fifths of the town's inhabitants. The attacking force included men from Odanak and Schaghiticoke, where many New England refugees had gathered after King Philip's War. "Indians, French, frontier, captivity" Philip
1706   Benjamin Franklin born in Boston Historical        
1711   Massachusetts begins compensating victims of Salem witch trials. Historical       witch
1725   Lovewell's Defeat at Pigwacket Historical     A failed raid in central Maine provoked songs and sermons about the heroism of New England soldiers. "Indians, Maine"
1739   King George's War begins Historical     Another round in the intercolonial wars. "Indians, New France"
1739   George Whitfield's first tour Historical        
1745   Pigwackets in exile in Massachusetts Historical     "Caught between English and French forces, the Pigwackets spent King George's War as refugees in Massachusetts" Indians
1755   Braddock's Defeat Historical        
1755   British deport French settlers of Acadia Historical       "Evangeline, Acadia, Longfellow"
1760   Reuben Cognehew carries Mashpee petition to London Historical       "Indian, Mashpee"
1763   Treaty of Paris ends 7 Year's War Historical       revolution
1764   "Thomas Hutchinson, ""History of the Colony and Province of Massachusetts Bay""" Literary     "An important early history by the later Loyalist governor. Dealt with witchhunting and with the banishment of his ancestor, Anne Hutchinson. " "witch, antinomianism, loyalist"
1765   Stamp Act Riots Historical       revolution
1766   Hundreds, including slaves and free blacks, begin holding religious meetings in Sarah Osborne's home in Newport, Rhode Island. Historical     Osborne called these my "resting, reaping times." In 1770, she is instrumental in getting Samuel Hopkins installed as pastor of a Newport church.  
1767   Townshend Acts Historical       revolution
1768   spinning meetings begin Historical       revolution
1768   Non-importation agreements begin Historical       revolution
1768   British troops arrive in Boston Historical       revolution
1769   Forefather's Day celebrated by Plymouth's Old Colony Club Commemorative        
1769   Non-consumption agreements begin to appear Historical       revolution
1770   "Phillis Wheatley, ""Elegy for George Whitefield""" Literary     " The British evangelist died at Newburyport, Mass. on September 30, 1770." "slavery, religion"
1770   Townshend Acts Repealed Historical       revolution
1770   11yr old Christopher Seider killed Historical       revolution
1770   Copley paints Paul Revere Historical   Copley's painting and many examples of Revere's silver can be seen at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.  
1770   Boston Massacre Historical   John Adams defends the British soldiers. revolution
1770   Paul Revere engraves the events in King Street. Commemorative     Boston Massacre, Attucks
1772   "Paul Revere engraves a ""portrait"" of King Philip" Commemorative     "Indian, Philip"
1772   Committees of Correspondence formed Historical       revolution
1773   "Boston ""Tea Party""" Historical       revolution
1773   Mary Rowlandson's narrative reprinted Literary     "women, Philip" Philip
1773   "Phillis Wheatley, ""Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral""" Literary     slavery
1773   Massachusetts slaves begin petitioning for freedom Historical     "slavery, abolition"
1774   First Continental Congress Historical       revolution
1774   John Malcolm tarred and feathered Historical     An example of pre-revolutionary violence and a key episode in the biography of George Robert Twelves Hewes. revolution
1774   Intolerable Acts Historical       revolution
1774   In December, Paul Revere rides to Portsmouth, New Hampshire Historical     powder revolution
1775   Battles at Lexington and Concord Historical       revolution
1775   George Washington takes command Historical       revolution
1775   In April, Paul Revere attempts to carry news to Concord Historical        
1775   Battle of Bunker Hill Historical     revolution
1776   Declaration of Independence Historical       revolution
1776   "Samuel Hopkins, A Dialogue Concerning the Slavery of the Africans" Literary     An abolitionist argument ddressed to the continental congress. "abolition, Stowe"
1776   British evacuate Boston Historical       revolution
1776   Abigail Adams urges John to "Remember the Ladies Historical      
1777   Burgoyne Surrenders at Saratoga Historical        
1777   Congress defines American flag Historical        
1777   Battle of Saratoga Historical        
1777   Battle of Bennington Historical      
1780   Benedict Arnold turns traitor Historical        
1781   Battle of Yorktown Historical        
1781   Articles of Confederation ratified Historical        
1781   British attack Fort Griswold and burn New London, Connecticut Historical        
1782   Peace negotiations begin Historical        
1783   Congress ratifies Articles of Peace Historical        
1783   Loyalists evacuate New York Historical        
1783   Boston establishes annual July 4 oration Commemorative     "After the revolution, Independence Day replaced Pope's Day and Boston Massacre orations in public memorials."  
1786   Shay's Rebellion Historical       revolution
1787   Constitutional Convention Historical        
1787   Northwest Ordinance Historical        
1788   Constitution ratified Historical        
1789   French revolution begins Historical        
1790   New England has a million people Historical       population
1791   Vermont joins the union as the 14th state Historical        
1791   Massachusetts Historical Society founded Commemorative      
1799   "East India Marine Society established in Salem, Massachusetts" Commemorative        
1800   "With 1,400,000 people N.E. contains 28 percent of the U.S. population" Historical        
1800   Population in Connecticut stagnates while Maine explodes Historical       population distribution
1801   Reprint of French edition of Phillis Wheatley's poems Literary     "Wheatley's ""Poems on Various Subjects"" was included in Joseph Lavalee's ""The Negro Equalled by Few Europeans,"" published in translation in Philadelphia"  
1802   Reprint of Phillis Wheatley's poems published in NH Literary        
1803   Louisiana Purchase Historical        
1804   Lewis and Clark Expedition begins Historical        
1805   Rock outcropping in Franconia Notch first noticed by road workers. Historical       "Old Man, profile"
1806   Black Baptists build a meeting house on Beacon Hill in Boston Historical   "The ""African Meeting House,"" now on Boston's Black Heritage Trail, is considered the oldest surviving Black church building in America." abolition
1810   Congress commissions a census on manufactures Historical     Memories of revolutionary spinning meetings encourage domestic production. women's work
1812   War with England Historical     "sometimes called the ""second war for Independence""" revolution
1812   "U.S.S. Constitution (""Old Ironsides"") fights British." Historical     maritime
1813   "Agricultural fairs called ""Cattle Shows"" begin displaying household manufactures" Historical     "By the 1820s, the annual shows also include ""fancy work.""" women's work
1813   "William Nell ships out of Charleston, S.C. as a steward" Historical       "maritime, abolition"
1814   "Washington Irving, ""Philip of Pokanoket""" Literary     "An early, sympthetic account of King Philip" "Indian, Philip"
1814   Hartford Convention considers secession Historical       "Connecticut, Federalists, revolution"
1815   "Henry Sargent paints ""The Landing of the Fathers""" Commemorative        
1815   The Affecting Narrative of Louisa Baker Literary     "This was the first in a series of stories eventually gathered as ""The Female Marine.""" maritime
1817   Pres. James Monroe consecrates Bunker Hill battle site Commemorative       "revolution, memory"
1818   Daniel Wadsworth commissions a portrait of the Charter Oak Commemorative       "charter oak, Connecticut"
1818   Congress establishes pensions for indigent veterans. Historical       "Hewes, revolution"
1818   John Trumbull's painting of the signing of the Declaration of Independence displayed at Faneuil Hall Commemorative       "July 4, revolution"
1820   Daniel Webster speaks at Plymouth bicentennial Commemorative        
1820   Missouri Compromise guarantees statehood for Maine Historical        
1820   "Cotton Mather's ""Magnalia Christi Americana"" reprinted" Literary       "witch, Puritanism"
1820   Witch of New England published Literary     "This anonymous work was only the first of several literary treatments of the seventeenth-century witch hunts. Like others, it emphasized the dangers of delusion. "  
1821   Essex Institute founded Commemorative        
1822   Rhode Island Historical Society founded Commemorative      
1822   "Timothy Dwight, ""Travels in New England and New York""" Literary        
1823   New Hampshire Historical Society founded Commemorative        
1823   "Calef's ""More Wonders of the Invisible World"" reprinted" Literary       witch
1824   "Lydia Sigourney, ""Sketches of Connecticut Forty Years Since""" Literary        
1824   Pilgrim Hall museum opened in Plymouth Commemorative        
1824   A Narrative of the Life of Mrs. Mary Jemison published Literary       Indian
1824   "Lydia Maria Child, ""Hobomok: A Tale of Early Times""" Literary   A distraught Puritan woman marries an Indian. Indians
1824   Lafayette feted in America Commemorative       revolution
1824   Bunker Hill monument begun Commemorative     revolution
1825   Connecticut Historical Society founded Commemorative     "Connecticut, museums"
1825   "John Winthrop's ""History of New England"" reprinted" Literary       Antinomianism, Puritanism, Hutchinson, Dyer
1825   Erie Canal completed Historical       economy
1826   "Lowell, Massachusetts incorporated" Historical       "economy, women's work"
1826   "James Fenimore Cooper, ""The Last of the Mohicans""" Literary     The trope of the disappearing Indian was already well-established by the time Cooper wrote. Indian
1827   "James Fenimore Cooper, ""The Wept of Wish-ton-Wish""" Literary     A little-known novel about King Philip's War "Indian, Philip"
1827   "Catharine Sedgwick, ""Hope Leslie, or Early Times in Massachusetts""" Literary     Features a friendship between a Puritan woman and a Pequot woman. Indian
1827   "Sarah Josepha Hale, ""Northwood""" Literary       Thanksgiving
1828   "Female textile workers strike at Dover, N.H." Historical     See documents on the course Web site related to Dover strikes. women's work
1828   Andrew Jackson elected president Historical        
1829   "William Apes publishes ""A Son of the Forest""" Literary       "Indians, Mashpee"
1829   "First performance of ""Metamora""" Commemorative       "Indian, Philip"
1829   "Charles Goodrich, ""A History of the United States of America""" Literary     "Like other writers of the early republic, Goodrich saw the Salem witch trials as a consequence of fanaticism and delusion."  
1829   "David Walker, An Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World" Literary   "Published in Boston by a southern black, Walker's ""Appeal"" helped to spark the abolitionist movement." "abolition, slavery"
1830   New Hampshire legislature encourages sericulture Historical     "In the 1820s and 1830s several states offered bounties. In most places the ""silk craze"" had collapsed by 1840." women's work
1830   Indian Removal Act Historical     "This eventually led to the forcible removal of 20,000 Cherokees from Georgia to Oklahama along the infamous ""Trail of Tears""" "Indian, Jackson"
1830   "Oliver Wendell Holmes' poem raises outcry over supposed abandonment of ""Old Ironsides.""" Historical     maritime
1830   "Theodore Dwight, The Northern Traveller (guidbook) mentions ""Old Man of the Mountains.""" Historical       "old man, profile"
1830 1870 Domestic fiction dominates literary market Literary   Hawthorne both admired and denigrated these writers, referring to them "as damned, scribbling females."  
1830   Monument erected at Fort Griswold Commemorative        
1831   "Charles W. Upham, ""Lectures on Witchcraft""" Literary     An account by a Unitarian minister who used the Salem story to warn against the dangers of religious and political zeal. witch
1831   "John Greenleaf Whitter, ""Legends of New England""" Literary     "Based on earlier stories written for newspapers, Whittier dealt with witch beliefs as a form of folklore. "  
1831   Maria Stewart begins public speeches condemning slavery. Historical   "Stewart, a free black, may have been the first women in the U.S. to give public speeches against slavery." abolition
1831   "Nathaniel Hawthorne, ""My Kinsman, Major Molineux""" Literary     This early story was re-published in 1852 revolution
1831   Mohegan Church built Historical       Indians
1832   "Garrison begins ""The Liberator""" Historical     abolition
1832   "Seth Luther, ""An Address to the Working-Men of New England""" Historical       "labor, women's work"
1833   "Lydia Maria Child, ""An Appeal for that Class of Americans Called Africans""" Literary     "Child, who had previously published fiction and a cookbook, The American Frugal housewife, became a prominent antislavery writer and activist." "antislavery,abolition"
1833   Indian Declaration of Independence Historical     "Part of Mashpee Revolt led by ""Blind Joe"" Amos and William Apes" "Indian, Mashpee, Apes"
1833   John Greenleaf Whittier joins the abolitionist cause. Historical     Whittier was a close friend of William Lloyd Garrison even before joining the fight against slavery. "slavery, Whittier, abolition"
1833   "Oliver Wendell Holmes, ""The Last Leaf""" Literary   Describes antiquated survivor of revolution. revolution
1834   "Whittier publishes ""The Slave Ship""" Literary     "slavery, abolition, maritime"
1834   "Textile strikes at Lowell, Massachusetts and Dover, N.H." Historical     "In this and the 1836 strike at Lowell, workers compared themselves to slaves." women's work
1834   "James Hawkes, A Retrospect of the Boston Tea-Party, with a Memoir of George R.T. hewes""" Literary       revolution
1834   "Shoebinders of Lynn, Massachusetts form a society ""for the protection and promotion of Female Industry""" Historical     Its leaders helped to form the Female Anti-Slavery Society in 1837. women's work
1834   Burning of Ursuline convent in Charlestown Historical       "immigration, Catholicism"
1835   George Robert Twelves Hewes feted in Providence and Boston Commemorative     "Joseph G. Cole painted his portrait, called ""The Centenarian""" "Independence Day, July 4, revolution"
1835   "Benjamin Bussey Thatcher, ""Traits of the Tea Party; Being a Memoir of George R.T. Hewes""" Literary       revolution
1835   Rhode Island Historical Society collects materials from Indian graves. Commemorative     "This is only one example of New England museums accessioning grave goods, bones, and hair from burial sites deliberately or accidentally disturbed." "museums, bones, Indians"
1835   "Seaman's Aid Society establishes a ""Mariner's Home"" in Boston" Historical       maritime
1836   "John Warner Barber , ""Historical Collections of Connecticut""" Commemorative        
1836   William Apess. Eulogy on King Philip Commemorative       "Indian, Philip"
1836   "Nathaniel Hawthorne, ""The Maypole at Merrymount""" Literary       "maypole, Hawthorne"
1836   Providence ships lists show 30% African American seamen. Historical       maritime
1836   Eliza Susan Quincy portrays procession at Harvard's 200th Anniversary Commemorative     Harvard centennial
1836   Henry Wadsworth Longfellow begins teaching modern languages at Harvard. Historical   He lasted until 1854, though he complained early on, "Perhaps the worst thing in a college life is this having your mind constantly a playmate for boys,--constantly adapting to them, instead of stretching out and grappling with men's minds." Today Harvard's Longfellow Institute honors American multi-lingualism.  
1837   "Nathaniel Hawthorne, ""Twice-Told Tales""" Literary        
1837   Vermont abolitionists begin sheltering escaped slaves Historical   "See an interesting collection of documents and a debate over Vermont's role in the ""Underground Railroad"" at The Vermont Historical Society"  
1837   John Sibley publishes story of Washington Elm Commemorative       revolution
1837   "Sarah Grimke, ""Letters on the Equality of the Sexes""" Literary     "With her sister, Angelina, Grimke traveled throughout New England, meeting with female wage workers as well as abolitionists." women's work
1837   "For women, rural outwork is the dominant form of wage labor. " Historical     A Massachusetts census shows that almost half of wage workers were braiding palm-leaf and straw for hats. women's work.
1837   Angeline and Sarah Grimke tour New England Historical       "abolition, women"
1837   "Nathaniel Hawthorne, ""Endicott and the Red Cross""" Literary       "flag, cross, Endicott"
1837   "Ralph Waldo Emerson, ""The American Scholar""" Literary   ""Our day of dependence, our long apprenticeship to the learning of other lands, draws to a close.""  
1837   Ralph Waldo Emerson's "Concord Hymn" sung at the dedication of the North Bridge Battle Monument. Commemorative   ""Here once the embattled farmers stood/And fired the shot heard round the world."" Revolution
1839   Amistad trial in New Haven Historical     slavery abolition maritime
1839   "Henry Rowe Schoolcraft, Algic Researches" Literary     "One of many ethnographic works published by the Indian agent and self-taught scientist, it contained a version of the myth of Hiawatha. " Indians
1840   Agitation for Ten-hour Day Historical       labor
1841   "Catharine Williams, ""The Neutral French, or the Exiles of Nova Scotia""" Literary        
1841   "Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, ""The Skeleton in Armor""" Literary       "bones, Indians"
1841   "Catharine Beecher, ""A Treatise on Domestic Economy""" Literary     women's work
1841   "Longfellow, ""The Wreck of the Hesperus,"" in Ballads and Other Poems" Literary       maritime
1841   Amistad case argued before the Supreme Court Historical     John Quincy Adams slavery
1842   "Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Poems on Slavery" Literary       "slavery, abolition"
1842   Dorr Rebellion in Rhode Island Historical        
1842   Eleanor Field gives the Rhode Island Historical Society a basket purportedly made during King Philip's War. Commemorative      
1842   With the encouragement of his friend Charles Sumner, Longfellow publishes "Poems on Slavery" Literary      
1842   Wadsworth Atheneum opens in Hartford Commemorative   Considered the nation's first public art museum. Connecticut, museum
1845   New England Historic Genealogical Society Founded Commemorative        
1845   Frederick Douglas publishes his narrative. Literary   He became a powerful voice in both the anti-slavery and women's rights movements. "slavery, abolition"
1845   Beginning of Irish famine Historical       immigration
1846   Mexican War begins Historical        
1846   "Hawthorne, ""Roger Malvyn's Burial"" in Mosses From An Old Manse" Literary   Hawthorne's story built on an already existing romance about Lovewell's Defeat at Pigwacket in 1725. "Lovewell, Maine, bones"
1847   "Sarah Hale, ed. of Godey's begins Thanksgiving campaign" Commemorative   "For samples of Hale's Thanksgiving editorials, go to ""The Godey's Lady's Book"" link at the University of Vermont."  
1847   "John Greenleaf Whittier, ""Supernaturalism of New England""" Literary       "witch, folklore"
1847   "Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, ""Evangeline""" Literary        
1847   First edition of Frederick Douglass's North Star Historical        
1848   "William Oakes, Scenery of the White Mountains" Literary     "Oakes said that from one angle the profile resembled a ""toothless old woman in a mob cap."" From the best angle, however, it showed a man with character ""fixed and firm.""" "old man, profile"
1848   Elizabeth Ellet. Women of the American Revolution Literary        
1848   "Thompkins Matteson's ""Examination of a Witch"" exhibited in New York" Commemorative     witch, painting
1848   "James Russell Lowell, ""The Courtin'""" Literary        
1848   Seneca Falls Women's Rights Convention Historical        
1849   California Gold Rush Historical       economy
1850   "At 2,729,000, N.E. composes less than 12 percent of the U.S. population" Historical        
1850   "Nathaniel Hawthorne, ""The Scarlet Letter""" Literary        
1850   Fugitive Slave Act Historical     slavery
1850   "45 out of 100 New Englanders live in Maine, NH, or Vermont" Historical       population distribution
1850   "10,000 men employed in whaling on shore or at sea" Historical       maritime
1850   "Nathaniel Hawthorne, ""The Great Stone Face""" Literary     "old man, profile" mountain
1851   "Herman Melville, ""Moby Dick""" Literary       maritime
1851   "Harriet Beecher Stowe, ""Uncle Tom's Cabin""" Literary       "slavery, abolition"
1851   Horace Bushnell speaks at Litchfield County Centennial Commemorative       "Litchfield, Connecticut, homespun"
1851   "J.W. DeForest, ""History of the Indians of Connecticut""" Literary        
1851   "Nathaniel Hawthorne, ""The House of the Seven Gables""" Literary       witch Salem
1853   "Samuel Drake's edition of ""Magnalia Christi Americana""" Literary        
1853   Nathaniel Hawthorne publishes a campaign biography for his former Bowdoin classmate Franklin Pierce and is rewarded with a consulship in England. Historical      
1854   "Lucy Larcom, ""Hannah Binding Shoes""" Literary     "women's work, maritime"
1854   Anthony Burns arrested under the Fugitive Slave Act Historical     slavery
1855   "Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, ""The Song of Hiawatha""" Literary        
1855   "Herman Melville, ""Tartarus of Maids""" Literary     "In the 1850s, Melville published many short stories and sketches in Harper's and Putnam's magazines." women's work
1855   "William C. Nell, ""Colored Patriots of the American Revolution""" Literary   Among other stories, Nell featured the role of Crispus Attucks in the "Boston Massacre." Attucks, Boston Massacre
1856   Charter Oak toppled in a wind storm Commemorative   The romance of the Charter Oak persists even today. "charter oak, Connecticut"
1856   "Benjamin Willey, Incidents in White Mountain History" Literary     "Earliest published version of a comment later attributed to Daniel Webster. """"Men put out signs representing their different trades; jewellers hang out a monster watch; shoemakers, a huge boot; and, up in Franconia, God Almighty has hung out a sign that in New England he makes men.""" "profile, old man"
1856   Senator Charles Sumner caned after delivering his speech "Crime Against Kansas" Historical     Longfellow Civil War
1857   "John Greenleaf Whittier, ""Skipper Ireson's Ride,""" Literary       maritime
1857   Dred Scott Decision Historical       "slavery, abolition"
1858   Winslow Homer illustrates rural New England life. . Commemorative     "See ""Husking Corn,"" Harper's Weekly, November 13, 1858, in ""Selected Slides: Homer""" "women's work, homespun"
1858   Black seamen parade in Boston and Providence to celebrate West Indian independence. Historical       maritime
1858   "Longfellow, ""The Courtship of Miles Standish""" Literary     "Longfellow's poem rivaled Thanksgiving in American memory and helped perpetuate the mystique of the spinning wheel. See The Age of Homespun, page 27." "poetry, pilgrims" plymouth
1858   Crispus Attucks Day celebrated at African Meeting House Commemorative       revolution, Boston Massacre
1859   Gloucester fleets net almost 30 million pounds of fish. Historical     Fewer than 3 out of 10 fishermen own their own craft. maritime
1859   "Harriet Wilson, ""Our Nig, or Sketches from the LIfe of a Free Black""" Literary        
1859   "Harriet Beecher Stowe, The Minister's Wooing" Literary     "Stowe's hero was a Newport, Rhode Island minister named Samuel Hopkins." "Stowe, abolition, slavery"
1859   Rockport women attack rumsellers. Historical       maritime
1860   "Shoe workers strike in Lynn, Massachusetts and neighboring towns." Historical   Female strikers invoke the memory of the revolutionary heroine Molly Stark. women's work
1860   "Matthew Brady photographs Edwin Forrest as ""Metamora""" Commemorative     "Indian, Philip"
1861   "Longfellow publishes ""Paul Revere's Ride"" in Atlantic Monthly" Literary       revolution
1861   "Oliver Wendell Holmes, ""Under the Washington Elm""" Literary       revolution
1861   William Cooper Nell becomes clerk in U.S. Postal Service Historical   He was the first black to receive a federal post. race
1861   Civil War economy boosts Massachusetts manufacturing Historical       economy
1861   Civil War begins Historical     Lincoln was inaugurated in March; confederates fired on Fort Sumter in April. Civil War
1862   Hawthorne published "Chiefly About War Matters" in The Atlantic Monthly Literary     The Liberator denounces the essay, noting that the anonymous author was reported to be Nathaniel Hawthorne. Civil War
1863   "Longfellow , ""Tales of a Wayside Inn""" Literary        
1863   Lincoln declares Thanksgiving a national holiday Historical      
1863   Lincoln delivers Gettysburg Address Historical   Civil War
1863   Emancipation Proclamation frees slaves in rebellious states Historical   In a response to an editorial in the New york Tribune, Lincoln had earlier insisted that he would free the slaves only to save the Union. Harriet Beecher Stowe responded in another publication that he should save the Union only to free the slaves. slavery
1864   "U.S. Sanitary Commission sponsors ""Colonial Kitchens""" Commemorative        
1864   Massachusetts Historical Society published Phillis Wheatley letters Literary        
1865   Robert E. Lee surrenders Historical     Civil War
1865   13th Amendment outlaws slavery Historical        
1865   Klu Klux Klan founded Historical        
1865   Abraham Lincoln assassinated Historical        
1866   "John Greenleaf Whittier, ""Snowbound""" Literary     poetry
1866   Peabody Museum founded at Harvard Commemorative      
1867   Edmonia Lewis sells busts of Colonel Robert Gould Shaw Historical        
1868   Winslow Homer illustrates life in Lowell Mills Commemorative     "See ""Morning Bell"" and ""Bell Time"" in Selected Slides: Homer. Also see HarpWeek (Hollis e-resources) issues of July 25, 1868 (p. 472) and December 23, 1873 (p. 1116)." women's work
1868   "Deerfield first exhibits door from ""Indian House""" Commemorative       "Deerfield massacre, museum"
1869   Massachusetts enfranchises Indians Historical     "This ended the ""protected"" status that originated in the colonial period. Communities like Mashpee were divided" Indian, franchise
1869   "Harriet Beecher Stowe, ""Old-Town Folks""" Literary        
1869   American Museum of Natural History founded in New York Commemorative        
1869   "Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association founded in Deerfield, Massachusetts" Commemorative     museum
1870   Boston Museum of Fine Arts founded Commemorative        
1870   Metropolitan Museum of Art founded in New York Commemorative        
1870   First transcontinental train leaves Boston on a 39-day journey across the United States Historical       economy
1870   "Winslow Homer engraving, ""The Dinner Horn""" Commemorative      
1870   French-Canadian workers fill Northern N.E. mill towns Historical       labor, economy, immigration
1870   Most female wage workers are employed in factories or as household servants. Historical     "In Boston, 8 of 10 household servants are foreign born. In textile mills, most are immigrants or the children of immigrants. " "women's work, population, immigration"
1870   The whaling industry attracts thousands of immigrants from the Azores Historical     immigration
1871   "P.T. Barnum founds ""The Greatest Show on Earth""" Historical        
1871   New England whaling ships crushed in ice of coast of Alaska Historical       maritime
1873   Anne Whitney wins competition to create a sculpture of Samuel Adams for the United States Capitol. Commemorative   Later the City of Boston installed a bronze version at Faneuil Hall even though in 1874 a Boston commission rejected her sculpture of Charles Sumner because she was a woman. statue
1875   Custer defeated at the Battle of Little Bighorn Historical     Indians
1876   Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia Commemorative        
1877   Hayes-Tilden Election resolved Historical   A compromise that guaranteed Rutherford Hayes' election also ended reconstruction in the south.  
1878   Old Ironsides takes last Atlantic voyage. Historical   After 1897 it is on exhibit in Boston. maritime
1879   The Boston Antiquarian Club rescues the Old State House Commemorative   See the Old State House time-line on the Bostonian Society Web site revolution
1879   "Children give Longfellow a chair from the ""spreading chestnut""" Commemorative     trees
1880   New England fisheries decline Historical       "economy, maritime"
1880   John Greenleaf Whittier writes poems about Quaker persecution. Historical     Quaker
1880   Memorial Hall dedicated in Deerfield Commemorative   "A battered door from the so-called ""Indian house"" was a prominent feature." "Deerfield, museum, Indian"
1881   Nantucket's Coffin House restored Commemorative     maritime, museum, summer
1881   "Controversy over John G. Whittier's ""The King's Missive""" Literary     "In letters to the Boston Daily Advertiser, Whittier and historian George Ellis argued over the imprisonment of Quakers in 17th century Boston." "Quaker, Whittier, poetry"
1881   "Winslow Homer seeks the ""old ways"" in an English fishing village." Commemorative     maritime
1885   "After moving to Prout's Neck, Maine, Winslow Homer turned to the drama of seafaring." Historical     maritime
1885   Boston proposes a statue of Paul Revere Commemorative     "Although Cyrus Dallin completed several models, the city failed to raise the money to complete the statue." revolution
1886   Police kill strikers at Haymarket in Chicago Historical   A Chicago Historical Society website lays out the evidence. labor
1887   "Ellen Rounds repairs the ""Damm Garrison""" Commemorative   "In 1915, she donated it to Dover, New Hampshire's new ""Woodman Institute.""" Indian wars, door, museum
1887   Mass. Historical Society protests Boston Massacre monument Commemorative       revolution
1887   "Edward Bellamy, ""Looking Backward""" Literary        
1888   Crispus Attucks Monument dedicated Commemorative       revolution
1888   Whittier supports women's suffrage. Historical     suffrage, Quaker
1889   Massachusetts Woman Suffrage Association presents a historical pageant Commemorative     "The historical vignettes included Anne Hutchinson's banishment, the Salem witch trials, and the courtship of Priscilla Alden, among other events. " witch, antinomian, Hutchinson, Alden, suffrage
1890   Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) Founded Commemorative        
1890   Fall River surpasses Lowell as largest producer of printed textiles Historical       labor, economy
1890   Alice Baker returns to Deerfield to restore her ancestral home, Frary House. Commemorative       summer
1891   Bennington Battle Monument erected Commemorative     Harper's Weekly, August 22, 1891: "It is 308 feet high, being the highest battle monument in this country, and nearly 100 feet higher thant he famous one on Bunker Hill."  
1893   World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago Commemorative       centennial
1893   "Alice Morse Earle, ""Customs and Fashions of Old New England""" Literary        
1894   Immigration Restriction League Founded at Harvard Historical       labor, population
1895   "Eliza Philbrick creates a ""Colonial Gown"" for a DAR party in Boston" Commemorative       reproduction
1896   Blue and White Society formed in Deerfield Commemorative       reproduction
1896   "Supreme Court accepts doctrine of ""separate but equal"" in Plessy v. Ferguson" Historical        
1897   New England Historic Genealogical Society Admits Women Commemorative        
1897   Boston Society of Arts and Crafts Founded Commemorative        
1898   Emily Tyson begins refurbishing Hamilton House in Maine Historical   "Now owned by SPNEA, Hamilton House is representative of the fascination of wealthy families with decaying colonial properties." colonial revival
1898   Emily Tyson purchases the 1785 Hamilton House, the setting for Sarah Orne Jewett's "The Tory Lover." Commemorative     summer
1900   "Old Gaol opened in York, Maine" Commemorative       museum
1900   New England's 5.5 million people make up 7 percent of the U.S. population Historical        
1900   "Plymouth Blanket Society formed to make ""rose blankets""" Commemorative        
1900   "75 of 100 New Englanders live in Mass, Conn, or RI" Historical       population distribution
1901   Maine Historical Society opens Wadsworth-Longfellow House Commemorative     museum
1901   President William McKinley assassinated Historical        
1902   Edith Wharton designs "The Mount" in Lenox, Massachusetts Literary     summer
1902   William Dean Howells purchases a summer home on Kittery Point, Maine Literary       summer
1903   "Elizabeth C. B. Buel , ""The Tale of the Spinning Wheel""" Commemorative        
1903   New Bedford Whaling Museum founded Historical     maritime
1904   Wallace Nutting launches a career as a historical entrepreneur Commemorative   "Wallace Nutting (1861-1941) attempted to record 'that old life in America, which is rapidly passing away.' "  
1904   Henry James visits the supposed House of the Seven Gables. Commemorative     James wrote, "Hawthorne's ladder at Salem, in fine, has now quite gone, and we but tread the air if we attempt to set our critical feet on its steps and its rounds."  
1905   Paul Revere House saved from demolition Commemorative The house, which was in an immigrant neighborhood, was reinvented as an early colonial dwelling. It is still open to the public. museum
1907   Period rooms opened in Essex Institute Commemorative       museum
1908   House of Seven Gables Settlement Association founded Commemorative       "witch, Salem, museum, immigration"
1909   NAACP formed Historical        
1910   John F. Fitzgerald mayor of Boston Historical        
1910   Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities (SPNEA) founded Commemorative      
1912   "Robert Frost, ""North of Boston""" Literary        
1912   "Strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts" Historical   "For photos and original documents provided by the SUNY-Binghamtom, ""Women and Social Movements"" Web site see, ""The 1912 Lawrence Strike: How Did Immigrant Workers Struggle to Achieve an American Standard of Living?""" labor, economy
1912   Workers at Lowell live in ethnic communities Historical     "immigration, labor"
1915   "Frank G. Speck, ""Decorative Art of the Indian Tribes of Connecticut""" Literary        
1915   Statue of Anne Hutchinson erected on Beacon Hill Commemorative      
1920   19th Amendment gives women the vote Historical        
1922   Antiques Magazine launched Commemorative        
1924   American Indians granted citizenship and the right to vote Historical        
1924   "Ku Klux Klan has 50,000 members in Maine" Historical        
1924   Congress passes restrictive immigration laws Historical       population
1924   First of New England textile mills moves south Historical       labor, economy
1925   Vermont launches a Eugenics Survey Historical       "population, immigration"
1926   John D. Rockefeller funds Colonial Williamburg in Virginia Commemorative       museum
1927   Nicola Sacco and Bartholomeo Vanzetti executed Historical       labor
1928   "A New York surgeon founds the Abbe Museum on Mount Desert Island, Maine" Commemorative   "While summering in Bar Harbor, Dr. Abbe was fascinated by the ancient Native American tools found in nearby shell heaps. As he began collecting these artifacts, he realized the need for safe permanent storage. "  
1929   "Henry Ford funds Greenfield Village in Dearborn, Michigan" Commemorative       museum
1930   Nantucket Whaling Museum opened Historical     maritime
1930   Mystic Seaport maritime museum begins operation Commemorative      
1930   Old Man of the Mountain promoted as a tourist attraction. Historical     In the late 1920s the State of New Hampshire began efforts to stabilize the crumbling formation. profile
1931   Grant Wood paints :The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere" Commemorative§ion=description      
1931   Gladys Tantaquidgeon (1899-2005) founds the Tantaguidgeon Museum at Mohegan. Commemorative     Mohegan, Indians
1931   Polish Legion of American Veterans chartered. Commemorative     Invoking the memory of Polish officers who fought in the American revolution, they eventually estabished units in New England. immigrant
1935   Yankee magazine founded Commemorative        
1935   Wells Historical Museum (precurser to Old Sturbridge Village) open Commemorative   "Read Jack Larkin and Mark Ashton, ""Celebrating 50 Years of History"" on the museum Web site."  
1935   Harold Tantaquidge reconstructs a Mohegan village Commemorative       museum
1940   Civil leaders of Portuguese descent gather before a mural of the Pilgrim fathers. Historical     immigration
1940   World war II fuels new industries in New England Historical       economy
1942   "Farmer's Museum in Cooperstown, New York established" Commemorative        
1942   Touro Synagogue designated a National Historic Site Commemorative   . . . the Georgian influenced building is situated on an angle within the property allowing worshippers standing in prayer before the Holy Ark to face east toward Jerusalem.  
1947   Old Sturbridge Village created Commemorative       museum
1947   Plimoth Plantation founded Commemorative       museum
1947   Shelburne Museum established Commemorative      
1950   "New England has over 9 million people, 6 percent of the nation's population" Historical       population
1952   Historic Deerfield founded Commemorative       museum
1953   "Arthur Miller, ""The Crucible""" Literary   "See Web links for Arthur Miller, ""Why I wrote 'The Crucible': An artist's answer to politics."" and for a Massachusetts curriculum project that connects Miller's play to Salem. " witch, Salem
1954   "Brown v. Board of Education overturns ""separate but equal""" Historical        
1955   Montgomery Alabama Bus Boycott Historical        
1958   "Strawbery Banke Museum opens in Portsmouth, NH" Commemorative   "In 1957 Dorothy M. Vaughan, Portsmouth librarian, was invited to address the local Rotary Club. As she later recalled, 'I decided to lay it right on the line, and tell them what Portsmouth was throwing away each time a house was torn down or a piece of furniture was sold out of town.' Almost before she had finished, a committee was created to see what could be done to save Portsmouth's heritage. The result was a radical new combination of urban renewal and historic preservation. The Puddle Dock neighborhood was to be saved as a historic museum."  
1959   Statue of Mary Dyer erected on Beacon Hill Commemorative      
1960   Student sit-ins in the south Historical        
1963   John F. Kennedy assassinated Historical        
1964   Civil Rights Act targets race and sex Historical        
1968   "Martin Luther King, Jr. assassinated" Historical        
1972   Harvard dedicates the so-called "Bradstreet Gate" between the Science Center and the Yard. Commemorative   The Bradstreet Gate was controversial because it appeared to by-pass the history of Radcliffe. The passage from Bradstreet's writing engraved on the gate was taken out of context. In the original it described her dismay at the raw condition of the settlement in Boston when she first arrived. Perhaps the first female freshmen in the Yard had similiar anxieties.  
1974   Judge Garrity orders school busing in Boston Historical        
1987   Archaeologists begin excavating historic sites threatened by Boston's Big Dig. Commemorative   Some of the artifacts recovered, including "North America's Oldest Bowling Ball" are on exhibit at the Commonwealth Museum. An interactive website shows the location of the Big Dig in relation to Boston geography as it changed over time.  
1990   Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act Commemorative     Indian, bones
1992   The Last of the Mohicans filmed Literary       Indian
1996   The Crucible filmed Literary       witch, Salem
1997   " ""National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom program"" established by the National Park Service. " Commemorative      
1997   Irish Hunger Monument erected in Cambridge Commemorative     immigration
1998   Mashantucket Pequot Museum and Research Center Opens Commemorative     Indian
2000   N. E.'s 12 million people compose less than 5 percent of the U.S. population Historical       population
2001   Peabody Museum at Harvard continues to repatriate human remains Commemorative   Check the Harvard website for additional stories on NAGPRA bones Indians
2001   Boston Massacre Memorial included on a new Irish Heritage Trail. Commemorative   What was the justification for doing this? immigration
2002   Church at Mohegan restored and museum installed. Commemorative     Indians
2003   Old Man of the Mountains collapses Historical     profile
2003   Boston Women's Memorial features Phillis Wheatley, Abigail Adams, and Lucy Stone Commemorative     statue
2004   Memorial Hall Museum launches new website on "The Many Stories of 1704" Commemorative      
2006   Wampanoags receive preliminary recognition by Federal Government. Historical     Mashpee
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